Sneak Preview: This surprising secret for making better bread with a bread machine will help you determine if your bread machine dough is too wet or too dry and how to fix it immediately. Whether you bake your bread in the bread machine or bake it in the oven as I do, this secret will improve the texture of your bread.
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Is your bread dough too dry or too wet? Is your machine mixing the dough right? How do you know? The tip is, “Take a peek.”
Yes. Open the lid while the machine is running. Keep reading, and I’ll show you what to look for, why, and what to do about it.
If you haven’t already been doing this, the quality of the bread you get out of your bread maker will start to improve immediately.
Are you are one of those people who bought a bread machine hoping it would magically make the perfect loaf of fresh yeast bread with the press of a button? Then, you might get lucky, and it happens.
If your bread hasn’t turned out so great, I can relate.
I was ready to throw my machine out until I discovered the most important thing you should do when using a bread machine.
Why is checking the dough important?
If you set your machine and walk away as many people do, you may find a surprise when the cycle you’ve chosen is complete. And it may not be a delicious or edible one, either.
Good reasons to take a peek:
- You will be able to see when your bread maker is not mixing the dough. Did you forget to insert the paddle(s)? Maybe the pan and/or the blades were not engaged correctly. The motor will still operate in most machines even if the paddles are not pushed down all the way.
- Your bread maker can’t tell if you read the recipe wrong and added too much liquid. Neither does it recognize when you answered a text and forgot to add that last cup of flour, miscounted the cups, or measured wrong. With this tip, you can fix your mistake on the fly.
- Your bread machine can’t compensate for poor recipes, high altitudes, weather extremes, and miscalculations. But you may be able to adjust the moisture in the dough and save the day.
- Keep a small spatula handy when you look at your dough. Use it to clean out any unmixed flour left in the corners.
Note: This tip won’t help if you leave out an essential ingredient such as salt or yeast. If you are using the DOUGH cycle and your bread is not rising out all, this may be a clue you left out the yeast, your yeast is dead, or the room where your bread machine sits is too cold (move it to a warmer place).
“Your bread machine has no brain.”
How should the dough look in a bread machine?
Knowing when-what-and-how-much when it comes to bread dough requires experience, a sixth sense, and sometimes, good luck.
The goal is for the dough to stick to the side, then pull away cleanly as it kneads.
The dough in the video below is the perfect consistency for the average loaf of yeast bread. It’s pliable, shiny, smooth, and not too sticky.
How do I correct the consistency of the dough?
Is your bread machine dough too dry?
Does the dough refuse to form a ball? Or maybe it makes a ball that slaps loudly against the side of the pan.
Add a tablespoon of liquid (preferably the same as used in the recipe). Give it a chance to mix up for a couple of minutes. Check again. Keep doing this until the dough sticks to the side briefly, then pulls away.
Is the bread machine dough too wet?
Does it look gooey and sticky? Add a tablespoon of flour at a time and watch until you see the dough stick to the sides, then pull away cleanly. Allow a couple of minutes to incorporate the flour before adding any more.
Is it safe to open the bread machine lid while it’s running?
Yes. I highly recommend it. Checking the dough as it kneads helps you make corrections on the fly.
Opening the lid during the mixing cycle won’t affect your bread. It’s better than looking through the little window at the top, which won’t give you much information.
“Do not leave the lid standing open for extended periods of time.”
–from the Breville Baker Instruction Book
I view this recommendation as permission to open the lid briefly.
Addendum 12/21/21: Some newer bread machines will no longer keep running when you open the lid. This is an unfortunate safety feature for bakers who want to make fabulous bread. Do your best to watch the action through the window, then open the lid to add more flour or liquid.
When should I look?
- Immediately after you start your machine–check to make sure the paddle(s) is engaged and actually mixing your dough.
- Open the lid and look approximately 15-18 minutes after starting the machine. If you walk by 20 minutes into the cycle, open the lid and evaluate the dough again to see if it is sticking and pulling away as it should.
- Check to see if the dough has risen enough at the end of the DOUGH cycle. Just because the dough cycle has finished doesn’t mean your bread has risen enough to proceed to the next step.
- Conversely, if the weather is warm and humid, the dough may be overproofed if you wait until the end of the DOUGH cycle. During the summer, check your dough early to see if it has already risen enough. If so, remove it from the machine and shape.
This is one reason making bread in a bread machine from beginning to end can be tricky. If the dough hasn’t risen enough or has over-proofed, your machine isn’t smart enough to know it.
How do you know when the dough has risen enough?
Use two fingers poked into the dough. If the indentation bounces back, you will know the dough needs a little more time. On the other hand, if the holes fill back in slowly, the dough is ready to be shaped.
What do I do with the dough if it hasn’t risen enough by the end of the dough cycle?
- Leave it in the machine and let it continue to rise. Set a timer to remind yourself to check again in 15-30 minutes.
- Move the dough (either in the bread machine pan or to another bowl) to a warmer location. This might hasten the rising process.
What do you do if you forget about the dough and it over-proofs or rises too much?
“Over-proofing happens when the dough has proofed too long and the air bubbles have popped. You’ll know your dough is over-proofed if, when poked, it never springs back. To rescue over-proofed dough, press down on the dough to remove the gas, then reshape and reproof.”
—Baking 101: What Is Proofing? Learn How to Proof Breads and Other Baked Goods
When you should avoid opening the lid:
Avoid opening the cover in the middle of the proofing period, especially if your kitchen is cold. You don’t want any heat to escape, thus slowing down the dough’s rise.
Don’t open the lid during the preheat and baking cycle if you are using your machine to mix, knead, and bake. You don’t want to lose heat.
What can I do if my bread maker machine stops in the middle of the cycle?
Whatever the reason, remove the dough from the pan unless your machine comes back in a few minutes. If the dough is well-kneaded (smooth, shiny, and elastic), place it in a bowl and let it rise until double in volume. Shape it, let it rise again, and bake in your oven.
If the dough is not well mixed or kneaded, you can try doing it by hand or using a stand mixer. However, if the bread has already started baking, you may be out of luck.
How weighing ingredients make it easier to get the dough right:
Weighing flour will minimize the need for adjustments. In addition, a digital scale will minimize differences caused by measuring techniques and environmental variations.
Most American bread recipes don’t specify weights. Thankfully, that is starting to change.
This little trick for checking the dough will compensate for most problems caused by inaccurate flour measurements.
Why you need this important bread machine tip
Remember that making bread is an art, not an exact science. Sometimes adjustments are necessary based on the environment, the ingredients you use, and the finished product you desire.
As with any baking skill, practice makes perfect. So start checking your dough, and I predict you’ll be a master bread baker before you know it.
If you are new to the bread machine world and want to increase your chances of success, start with a bread machine mix from the grocery store. Alternatively, use a basic recipe from the manual that came with your bread maker.
Or, try using one of my bread machine recipes formulated for using a bread machine as I do. Start simple with something like pizza dough. Check out this post with over 50 of my tried and tested bread recipes you can make with a bread machine.
What readers are saying:
“Your bread machine tutorial saved my bread a few times already. Checking the bread machine mixing after a few minutes is genius. Once, I didn’t have the pan all the way in the machine (my Cuisinart was really stiff when it was new) and another time, I didn’t have the paddle in tightly, requiring a dump out of the pan, but I still got perfect bread. I love your recipe hints that deal with leftover ingredients. I’m tired of dumping out 3 1/2 cups of buttermilk, love the idea that I can freeze it for the next time. Hand shaping a loaf is far more easier than I’d imagined and more impressive than my former “holy” loaves with tough crusts that I baked in the machine. Your videos and visuals on how to check for adequate rise, shaping bread, etc. are wonderful. I recommend your blog to other bread bakers that I know.”Laurie
More bread machine tips and tricks:
- 60+ Bread Machine Recipes To Make Any Occasion Special
- 5 Surprising Reasons I Don’t Bake Bread in My Bread Machine (But I Use It All the Time)
- How to Convert a Yeast Bread Recipe for Use in a Bread Machine
- 6 Bread Machine Secrets You Need To Know
If you have questions or suggestions, email me privately to Paula at saladinajar.com. Hope to see you again soon! Paula